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Gebaseerd op En Wikipedia . Periode 1 september 1939 t/m 9 mei 1945 (Europa) en 1 september 1945 (Azië).
Indien het aantal doden omstreden is, wordt een minimum-maximum getal vermeld. Voor bronnen zie voetnoten.
LET OP: namen zijn in het Engels. BIJV.: Ned-Oost Indië = Dutch East Indies

CountryTotal population
1/1/1939
Military
deaths
Civilian deaths due to
military activity and crimes against humanity
Civilian deaths due to
war related famine and disease
Total
deaths
Deaths as % of
1939 population
 AlbaniaA1,073,00030,000

30,0002.81
 AustraliaB6,998,00039,700700
40,4000.57
 Austria (German-controlled)C6,650,000Included with German Army120,000
120,000 1,9
(see table below)
 BelgiumD8,387,00012,10075,900
88,0001.05
 BrazilE40,289,0001,0001,000
2,0000.02
 BulgariaF6,458,00022,0003,000
25,0000.38
 Burma (British)G16,119,00022,000
250,000272,0001.69
 CanadaH11,267,00045,400

45,4000.40
 ChinaI517,568,0003,000,000
to 4,000,000
7,000,000
to 11,000,000
5,000,00010,000,000
to 20,000,000
(1.93 to 3.86)
 CubaJ4,235,000
100
1000.00
 Czechoslovakia (in Nov. 1938 borders)K10,400,000
[25]
25,000300,000
325,0003.15
 DenmarkL3,795,0002,1001,100
3,2000.08
 Dutch East IndiesM69,435,000

3,000,000
to 4,000,000
3,000,000
to 4,000,000
(4.3 to 5.76)
 Estonia (within 1939 borders)N1,122,000Included with the Soviet, German, and Finnish Armies50,000
50,0004.44
 EthiopiaO17,700,0005,00095,000
100,0000.6
 FinlandP3,700,00095,0002,000
97,0002.62
FranceFranceQ41,700,000200,000
including colonies[26]
350,000
550,0001.35
 French IndochinaR24,600,000

1,000,000
to 2,000,000
1,000,000
to 2,200,000
(4.07 to 8.1)
 GermanyS69,850,0004,300,000
to 5,500,000
1,100,000400,000
to 2,400,000
7,000,000
to 9,000,000
(see table below)
GreeceGreeceT7,222,00020,000
to 35,100
160,000140,000
to 600,000
320,000
to 807,000
(4.5 to 11.2)
GuamGuamTA20,0001,000
to 2,000


1,000
to 2,000
(5.0 to 10.0)
HungaryHungaryU9,129,000300,000280,000
580,0006.35
 IcelandV119,000
200
2000.17
 India(British)W378,000,00087,000
1,500,000
to 2,500,000
1,587,000
to 2,587,000
(0.42 to 0.68)
IranX14,340,000200

2000.00
IraqIraq'Y3,698,000500

5000.01
 IrelandZ2,960,00010,000
Irish volunteers included with UK
200
2000.00
 ItalyAA44,394,000301,400
(includes 10,000 African conscripts)
153,200
454,6001.03
 JapanAB71,380,0002,120,000500,000500,0002,620,000
to 3,120,000
(3.67 to 4.37)
 Korea (Japanese Colony)AC23,400,000
378,000
to 483,000

378,000
to 483,000
(1.6 to 2.06)
 Latvia (within 1939 borders)AD1,951,000Included with the Soviet and German Armies190,00040,000230,00011.78
 Lithuania (within 1939 borders)AE2,442,000Included with the Soviet and German Armies275,00075,000350,00014.33
 LuxembourgAF295,000
2,000
2,0000.68
 Malaya (British)AG4,391,000
100,000
100,0002.28
 Malta (British)AH269,000
1,500
1,5000.56
 MexicoAI19,320,000
100
1000.00
 MongoliaAJ819,000300

3000.04
AustraliaNauru (Australian)AK3,400
500
50014.7
   NepalBG6,000,000Included with British Indian Army



 NetherlandsAL
(ZIE OOK DUTCH EAST INDIES)
8,729,00017,000198,00086,000301,0003.45
 Newfoundland (British)AM300,000included with the U.K.100
1000.03
 New ZealandAN1,629,00011,900

11,9000.73
 NorwayAO2,945,0003,0006,500
9,5000.32
AustraliaPapua and New Guinea (Australian)AP1,292,000
15,000
15,0001.17
 Philippines (U.S. Territory)AQ16,000,00057,000100,000400,000
to 900,000
557,000
to 1,057,000
(3.48 to 6.6)
PolandPoland (within 1939 borders)AR34,849,000240,0004,880,000
to 5,080,000
500,0005,620,000
to 5,820,000
(16.1 to 16.7)
 Portuguese TimorAS500,000
40,000
to 70,000

40,000
to 70,000
(8.00 to 14.00)
RomaniaRomania (within 1939 borders)AT19,934,000300,000500,000
800,0004.01
BelgiumRuanda-Urundi (Belgian)AU4,200,000

0 to 300,0000 to 300,000 (0.00 to 7.1)
 Singapore (British)AV728,000
50,000
50,0006.87
South AfricaSouth AfricaAW10,160,00011,900

11,9000.12
Empire of JapanSouth Pacific Mandate (Japanese)AX1,900,000
57,000
57,0003.00
 Soviet Union (within 1946–91 borders) AY168,524,0008,700,000
to 13,850,000
7,000,000
to 12,000,000
6,000,00021,800,000
to 28,000,000
(see table below)
SpainSpainAZ25,637,000Included with the German Army


(Zie Blauwe Divisie )
 SwedenBA6,341,000
600
6000.01
  SwitzerlandBB4,210,000
100
1000.00
 ThailandBC15,023,0005,6002,000
7,6000.04
TurkeyTurkeyBD17,370,000200

2000.00
 United KingdomBE47,760,000383,800
including Overseas Territories[11]
67,100
450,9000.94
 United StatesBF131,028,000407,000
(including 1,900 members of the U.S. Coast Guard)
12,000 (including 9,500 members of the U.S. Merchant Marine and 64 of the Civil Air Patrol.)
420,0000.32
 YugoslaviaBG15,400,000300,000
to 446,000
581,000
to 1,400,000

1,027,000
to 1,700,000
(6.7 to 11.00)
Approx. Totals2,000,000,00022,000,000
to 30,000,000
19,000,000
to 30,000,000
19,000,000
25,000,000
60,000,000
to 85,000,000
(3.17 to 4.00)
  • Figures for the individual nations are rounded to the nearest hundredth place.
  • Population in 1939 is taken from Population Statistics website.[12]
  • War losses are for the national boundaries of 1939.
  • Military casualties include deaths of regular military forces from combat as well as non-combat causes. Partisan and resistance fighter deaths are included with military losses. The deaths of prisoners of war in captivity and personnel missing in action are also included with military deaths. The armed forces of the various nations are treated as single entities, for example the deaths of Austrians, Soviets, French and ethnic Germans in the Wehrmacht are included with German military losses.
  • The official casualty statistics published by the governments of the United States, France and the UK do not give the details of the national origin or race of the losses. The BBC has provided background on the Colonial contributions to the British Empire war effort.[13][14]
  • Total Soviet losses in the postwar 1946–91 boundaries[15][16] were 26.6 million (13.5% of the total population of 196.7 million).[17]
  • Total Polish losses in the postwar 1946 boundaries[16] were about 4.4 million (19.0% of the total population of 23.2 million).[18][19]
  • Total Romanian losses in the postwar 1946 boundaries[20] were 500,000 (3.1% of the total population of 15.9 million).[21]
  • Total losses of Czechoslovakia in the post war 1946–1991 borders were about 250,000 (1.7% of the total population of 14.6 million).[22]



Third Reich

Human losses of the Third Reich in World War II (included in above figures of total war dead)
CountryPopulation
1939
Military
deaths
Civilian deaths due to
military activity and crimes against humanity
Civilian deaths due to
war related famine and disease
Total
deaths
Deaths as
% of 1939
population
Austria6,650,000260,000[5]120,000[23]
380,000[5][23]5.7
Germany (within 1937 borders)69,300,0004,400,000[5] 1,000,000[24][25][26]400,000[27] to 1,400,000[28] 5,500,000[29] to 6,900,000[30] 7.9 to 10.0
Ethnic Germans from other nations6,700,000600,000[5] 100,000[27]100,000[27] to 800,000[28][28]700,000[5] to 1,500,000[31] 9.7 to 19.4
Soviet citizens in the German military800,000[32]200,000[33]

200,00027.5
Approx. Totals84,000,0004,300,000[34] to 5,500,000[5][33]1,200,000500,000[27] to 2,300,000[35]7,000,000 to 9,000,0008.0 to 10.5

  • Sources for figures and details are listed in the footnotes for Germany and Austria [27]
  • Figure of 5.3 million military dead for Germany, Austria and the Ethnic Germans is taken from the study by the German military historian Rüdiger Overmans.[5] Earlier estimates based on the wartime records compiled by the German High Command (OKW) put total military dead and missing at about 4.0 million men.[36] However, the German Red Cross reported in 2005 that the records of the military search service Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) list total Wehrmacht losses at 4.3 million men (3.1 million dead and 1.2 million missing) in World War II. Their figures include Austria and conscripted ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe.[37] The estimated total of about 200,000 deaths of Soviet citizens conscripted by Germany was made by the Russian military historian Grigoriy Krivosheyev.[33]
  • Civilian deaths due to military activity reported by German government sources were an estimated at about 700,000. Of those deaths, 500,000 were killed by strategic bombing, about 200,000 died in the 1945 flight and evacuations from East Europe, and during the land campaign in Germany.[26][38]
  • The West German government put the number of Germans killed by the Nazi political, racial and religious persecution at 300,000 (including 160,000 German Jews).[24] The German government in 2003 report by the German Federal Archive put the total murdered during the Action T4euthanasia program at about 200,000.[39]