Buckingham Palace and Whitehall were the centres of the great
V.E.-Day demonstrations here to-day. The Royal Family made several
appearances on the balcony of the Palace and on one occasion were
accompanied by Mr. Churchill.
The two Princesses, escorted by Guards
officers, left the Palace after nightfall to mingle with the great
crowds outside. The Prime Minister twice appeared on the balcony of the
Ministry of health, and addressed a large crowd in Whitehall. On his
second appearance, made just after 10 30 p.m. when the Houses of
Parliament were floodlit, he conducted the singing of "Land of Hope and
Then, after referring to the celebrations, he said: "We
must begin the task of re-building our hearths and homes and do our
utmost to make this country a land in which all have a chance and in
which all have a duty, and there we must turn ourselves to fulfil our
duty to our own countrymen, to our gallant allies the United States, who
were so foully and treacherously attacked by Japan. We will go hand in
hand with them, and even if it is a hard struggle we shall not be the
ones who will fail."
"This is not the victory of a party or of
any class or large section in the country; it is a victory of the great
British nation as a whole.
"We were the first to draw the sword
against tyranny. After a while we were left alone against the most
tremendous military power that has been seen. We were all alone for a
"There we stood alone. did anybody want to give in?"
The crowd roared back a terrific "No."
"Were we downhearted?" asked the Premier.
"No," came back the answer.
Churchill: "The lights went out---." There was a great burst of
laughter at this, because the floodlighting of the balcony from which he
was speaking had been turned off shortly before his appearance.
"And the bombs came down. But every man, woman, and child had no thought of quitting the struggle.
can take it. So we came back after long months from the jaws of death,
out of the mouth of hell, while all the world wondered.
that in the long years to come not only the people of this island but of
the world, wherever the bird of freedom chirps in human hearts, will
look back to what we have done and they will say 'Do not despair. Do not
yield to violence and tyranny, march straight forward and die-if need
"Now we have emerged from one deadly struggle-a
terrible foe has been cast on the ground and awaits our judgment and our
mercy. But there is another foe who occupies large portions of the
British Empire, a foe stained with cruelty and greed-the Japanese. They
would give us much worse than that," added the Premier.
Churchill then gave the "V" sign again. The crowd burst into "For he's a
jolly good fellow" and, wearing his black soft hat, the Prime Minister
left the balcony. About a quarter to eleven the King and Queen and the
Princess once more came out on to the balcony, where they stayed about
ten minutes, waving to the crowd in response to deafening cheers. The
crowd was as large as ever for this, their sixth appearance.